Miamira moloch (Rudman, 1988) [Ceratosoma]

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On Miamira moloch let me quote the Sea-Slug Forum: "The reason I called this species moloch was because the first time I saw it, it reminded me of that icon of the Australian desert, an endemic lizard called the Thorny Devil - Moloch horridus".
Miamira moloch is characterized by three flattened tuberculate lobes on each side of the body, one pair on either side of the head and a large pair just in front of the gills. The third pair is midway between the head and gill lobes. There are a few small conical tubercles on the mantle and some beneath on the sides of the body. Behind the mantle however the posterior foot is heavily tuberculate with many of the more dorsal tubercles being compound.
Like its congener Miamira sinuata (van Hasselt, 1824) [Doris] and the related Ceratosoma trilobatum (J.E. Gray, 1827) [Doris]
is Miamira moloch a highly variable species as shown by NUDIPIXEL.
The website NUDIPIXEL is down, the pictures are gone.
Bill described it as Ceratosoma moloch  Rudman, 1988.
This colour variant is as Ceratosoma sp. 1 in IPN at page 276, and as Ceratosoma moloch on the sea slug forum,
R.F. Johnson & Gosliner (2012) moved it to the reerected ("rescued from synonymy") genus Miamira  Bergh, 1875.
Gosliner, Terrence M., David W. Behrens & Ángel Valdés. 2008. Indo-Pacific Nudibranchs and Sea Slugs.
Sea Challengers Natural History Books. Gig Harbor, Washington. 426pp.
Rebecca Fay Johnson & Terrence M. Gosliner. 2012.
Traditional Taxonomic Groupings Mask Evolutionary History:
A Molecular Phylogeny and New Classification of the Chromodorid Nudibranchs. online at
More information on Miamira moloch as Ceratosoma moloch are on Bill Rudman's Sea-Slug Forum!
How to cite:
Köhler, E. (2020), published 27 August 2020, Miamira moloch (Rudman, 1988)
available from https://www.Philippine-Sea-Slugs.com/Nudibranchia/Doridina/Miamira_moloch.htm


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