Carminodoris grandiflora (Pease, 1860) [Doris]

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Carminodoris grandiflora is characterized by a light to medium mottled brown or tan ground colour with sometimes darker brown patches. The notum is covered with large, rounded tubercles that decrease in size towards the mantle edge, some with white patches at the base, the majority with dusty white markings on the top. The six main gill leaves are tripinnate, feathery with a frosted appearance on the tips.The rhinophores are lighter tan than the body, with white apices.
There is still a lot of confusion on the taxonomic placement:
The Sea-Slug Forum placed it in the genus Hoplodoris, which the Sea-Slug Forum placed in the family Dorididae.
Fahey & Gosliner (2003) synonymised Carminodoris with Hoplodoris, I quote the abstract:
"Analyses indicate that the genus Carminodoris Bergh, 1889 is a junior synonym of Hoplodoris Bergh, 1880."
Dayrat & Gosliner (2005) I quote the classification of clade D at page 209: " Therefore, instead of reallocating some Carminodoris species to Hoplodoris, it is actually some Hoplodoris species that need to be transferred to Carminodoris."
Let me quote the discussion of Asteronotus raripilosa at page 185 in Dayrat (2010):
"In other words, the species names transferred from Carminodoris to Hoplodoris by Fahey and Gosliner (2003) should actually be transferred back to Carminodoris."
WoRMS - World Register of Marine Species lists both genera as accepted: Carminodoris and Hoplodoris.
Gosliner et al. (2008) use Carminodoris at page 168, Gosliner et al. (2015) also use Carminodoris at page 175
NUDIPIXEL and WoRMS used Hoplodoris, the website NUDIPIXEL is down, WoRMS uses now also Carminodoris, I don't know when they changed it.
I follow Gosliner et al. (2008) and Gosliner et al. (2015) and place it in the genus Carminodoris within the family Discodorididae.
Fahey, S. J. & Gosliner, T. M. (2003) Mistaken identities: On the Discodorididae genera Hoplodoris Bergh, 1880 and Carminodoris Bergh, 1889 (Opisthobranchia, Nudibranchia).
Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, 54(10): 169-208.
Dayrat, B., & T. M. Gosliner. 2005. Species names and metaphyly: a case study in Discodorididae (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Euthyneura, Nudibranchia, Doridina).
Zoologica Scripta 34(2):199-224.
Dayrat, B. 2010. A Monographic Revision of Basal Discodorid Sea Slugs (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Nudibranchia: Doridina).
Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences 61, suppl I: 1-403.
Gosliner, Terrence M., David W. Behrens & Ángel Valdés. 2008. Indo-Pacific Nudibranchs and Sea Slugs.
Sea Challengers Natural History Books. Gig Harbor, Washington. 426pp.
Gosliner, T.M, D.W. Behrens & Á.Valdés. 2015. Nudibranch &Sea Slug Identification Indo-Pacific.
New World Publications Inc. Jacksonville, FL. 408 pp.
MolluscaBase eds. (2020). MolluscaBase. Carminodoris grandiflora (Pease, 1860).
Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=872612 on 2020-01-29
More information on Carminodoris grandiflora as Hoplodoris grandiflora are on Bill Rudman's Sea-Slug Forum!
How to cite:
Köhler, E. (2020), published 30 January 2020, Carminodoris grandiflora (Pease, 1860)
available from https://www.Philippine-Sea-Slugs.com/Nudibranchia/Doridina/Carminodoris_grandiflora.htm


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