Carminodoris flammea (Fahey & Gosliner, 2003) [Hoplodoris]

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Carminodoris flammea is characterized by the fiery red mid-dorsal patch. It has a variegated ground coloration with mottled shades of grays and browns. The notum is covered with large, rounded tubercles. The rhinophore clubs and the gills are brownish-tan. It is also known as Hoplodoris flammea.
Very similar is
Carminodoris bifurcata which differs by the brownish mid-dorsal patch, and by the smaller tubercles, and by the small black spots on the notum.
There is still a lot of confusion on the taxonomic placement:
The Sea-Slug Forum placed it in the genus Hoplodoris, which the Sea-Slug Forum placed in the family Dorididae.
Fahey & Gosliner (2003) synonymised Carminodoris with Hoplodoris, I quote the abstract:
"Analyses indicate that the genus Carminodoris Bergh, 1889 is a junior synonym of Hoplodoris Bergh, 1880."
Dayrat & Gosliner (2005) I quote the classification of clade D at page 209: " Therefore, instead of reallocating some Carminodoris species to Hoplodoris, it is actually some Hoplodoris species that need to be transferred to Carminodoris."
Let me quote the discussion of Asteronotus raripilosa at page 185 in Dayrat (2010):
"In other words, the species names transferred from Carminodoris to Hoplodoris by Fahey and Gosliner (2003) should actually be transferred back to Carminodoris."
WoRMS - World Register of Marine Species lists both genera as accepted: Carminodoris and Hoplodoris.
Gosliner et al. (2008) use Carminodoris at page 168, Gosliner et al. (2015) also use Carminodoris at page 175
NUDIPIXEL and WoRMS use Hoplodoris.
I follow Gosliner et al. (2008) and Gosliner et al. (2015) and place it in the genus Carminodoris in the family Discodorididae.
Fahey, S. J. & Gosliner, T. M. (2003) Mistaken identities: On the Discodorididae genera Hoplodoris Bergh, 1880 and Carminodoris Bergh, 1889 (Opisthobranchia, Nudibranchia).
Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, 54(10): 169-208.
Dayrat, B., & T. M. Gosliner. 2005. Species names and metaphyly: a case study in Discodorididae (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Euthyneura, Nudibranchia, Doridina).
Zoologica Scripta 34(2):199-224.
Dayrat, B. 2010. A Monographic Revision of Basal Discodorid Sea Slugs (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Nudibranchia: Doridina).
Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences 61, suppl I: 1-403.
Gosliner, Terrence M., David W. Behrens & Ángel Valdés. 2008. Indo-Pacific Nudibranchs and Sea Slugs.
Sea Challengers Natural History Books. Gig Harbor, Washington. 426pp.
Gosliner, T.M, D.W. Behrens & Á.Valdés. 2015. Nudibranch &Sea Slug Identification Indo-Pacific.
New World Publications Inc. Jacksonville, FL. 408 pp.
More information on Carminodoris flammea as Hoplodoris flammea are on Bill Rudman's Sea-Slug Forum!
How to cite:
Köhler, E. (2017), published 11 February 2017, Carminodoris flammea (Fahey & Gosliner, 2003)
available from https://www.Philippine-Sea-Slugs.com/Nudibranchia/Doridina/Carminodoris_flammea.htm


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