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Carminodoris estrelyado (Gosliner & Behrens, 1998) [Hoplodoris]

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Carminodoris estrelyado is characterized by the yellow rings around the tubercles. The colour pattern on the dorsal surface of it looks like fried eggs, served sunny-side up. Though brightly coloured and spectacularly patterned it is very difficult to see in the natural habitat, a real camouflage pattern. It is also known as Hoplodoris estrelyado.
There is still a lot of confusion on the taxonomic placement:
The Sea-Slug Forum placed it in the genus Hoplodoris, which the Sea-Slug Forum placed in the family Dorididae.
Fahey & Gosliner (2003) synonymised Carminodoris with Hoplodoris, I quote the abstract:
"Analyses indicate that the genus Carminodoris Bergh, 1889 is a junior synonym of Hoplodoris Bergh, 1880."
Dayrat & Gosliner (2005) I quote the classification of clade D at page 209: " Therefore, instead of reallocating some Carminodoris species to Hoplodoris, it is actually some Hoplodoris species that need to be transferred to Carminodoris."
Let me quote the discussion of Asteronotus raripilosa at page 185 in Dayrat (2010):
"In other words, the species names transferred from Carminodoris to Hoplodoris by Fahey and Gosliner (2003) should actually be transferred back to Carminodoris."
WoRMS - World Register of Marine Species lists both genera as accepted: Carminodoris and Hoplodoris.
Gosliner et al. (2008) use Carminodoris at page 168, Gosliner et al. (2015) also use Carminodoris at page 175
NUDIPIXEL and WoRMS use Hoplodoris.
I follow Gosliner et al. (2008) and Gosliner et al. (2015) and place it in the genus Carminodoris in the family Discodorididae.
References:
Fahey, S. J. & Gosliner, T. M. (2003) Mistaken identities: On the Discodorididae genera Hoplodoris Bergh, 1880 and Carminodoris Bergh, 1889 (Opisthobranchia, Nudibranchia).
Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, 54(10): 169-208.
online at PUBLICATIONS OF THE PEET PROJECT
Dayrat, B., & T. M. Gosliner. 2005. Species names and metaphyly: a case study in Discodorididae (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Euthyneura, Nudibranchia, Doridina).
Zoologica Scripta 34(2):199-224.
Dayrat, B. 2010. A Monographic Revision of Basal Discodorid Sea Slugs (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Nudibranchia: Doridina).
Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences 61, suppl I: 1-403.
Gosliner, Terrence M., David W. Behrens & Ángel Valdés. 2008. Indo-Pacific Nudibranchs and Sea Slugs.
Sea Challengers Natural History Books. Gig Harbor, Washington. 426pp.
Gosliner, T.M, D.W. Behrens & Á.Valdés. 2015. Nudibranch &Sea Slug Identification Indo-Pacific.
New World Publications Inc. Jacksonville, FL. 408 pp.
More information on Carminodoris estrelyado as Hoplodoris estrelyado are on Bill Rudman's Sea-Slug Forum!
How to cite:
Köhler, E. (2017), published 9 February 2017, Carminodoris estrelyado (Gosliner & Behrens, 1998)
available from https://www.Philippine-Sea-Slugs.com/Nudibranchia/Euctenidiacea/Carminodoris_estrelyado.htm